Since taking the decision to use Impetus:Baroque wargaming rules I have started adding army lists to my army organization pages. Where possible I will use the lists provided by D&P Publishing but some of my applications are specialized so I have need to create a few of my own. I also add a bit more specificity to the unit type codes.


The above list is specifically for Montrose’s famous 1644-45 campaign. Prior to Montrose the Royalists will use the Coventanter 1638-47 list.

Original notes on Scottish Royalist forces are below:

The army that I use to represent the Royalist army of the Marquis of Montrose is as ephemeral as the original, being entirely composed from figures from my army of the Irish Confederation. Only the command pieces are different. This is quite simple to do since, historically, the forces never appeared on the same battlefield either as allies or opponents. The army is supplemented by figures from the highland army when required.

The picture below shows the entire Royalist army drawn up for battle. The left wing is the Gordon Brigade (the regiments of Strathaven, Strathbogie, and Farquharson) supplemented by the regiment of Graham of Inchbrakie. The regiments of this brigade carry (in addition to their regimental flags) the red lion rampant of the kings of Scotland. The right wing is composed of the Irish Brigade (the regiments of MacDonnell, Laghtnan, and O’Cahan). The Irish foot carry their iconic regimental flags and the green flag with a gold harp of Ireland.  The reserve is a militia brigade that represent the levies who came over to Montrose prior to the battle of Tippermuir:

Scots Royalist Army (foot) deployed and labled


The chart below lists the Royalist foot regiments along with their battle honors. The flags are all pretty much conjectural with most being copied from the most excellent blog Project Auldearn 1645:

Scots Royalist Regular Line Regiments


I created three Royalist militia command groups (principally for use at Tippermuir) when Royalist levies were required. The flags are total fantasy but useful in war games to tell who is who and on which side they are fighting. Alternating red and gold bands on the hoist pale of the flag echo the colors of the Scottish royal standard (with a nod toward Cameron of Lochiel):

Scots Royalist Militia Regiments


Several field officer figures were also added to give the Royalist side some unique command pieces.

The Gordons were prominent (on both sides) through out the period, so it seemed appropriate to add a mounted field officer with a typical Gordon flag as a commander for the Gordon forces. This piece could serve as the Marquise of Huntley himself but is based more on Lord  Lewis Gordon (a Convenanter). The piece appears in the foreground below:

Gordon Royalist Commander


James Graham, the Marquis of Montrose, was, even in his own day, larger than life. His reputation was further enhanced by his contemporary hagiographer, George Wishart. The fact that he died a martyr’s death only enhanced his hold on history. The Victorian historians absolutely loved him and realist/reactionary historians not so much. He now seems to have come into his own again with fairly balanced views of his life and military career being more prevalent.

In any event I felt that I needed TWO field command pieces to represent this complicated man. On the left (below) is a foot figure representing Montrose carrying a half pike and target (as Wishart described him at Tippermuir). He is shown as a mounted general with retinue on the right. In both cases the command piece carries the royal standard of Charles I (although slightly simplified for 10mm scale).

The use of Charles’s personal standard is highly conjectural (most think it was the Scottish Royal standard) but it was given to him by Charles to be his lieutenant in Scotland (essentially viceroy) so I’m using the “big” one:

Montrose mounted and dismounted

And of course there must be a figure for Alisdair MacColla, a warrior surpassed only by Achilles in romantic history. Certainly he has a mystical quality (even in life) that is hard to gainsay. Often treated as a bumbling warrior oaf and dim-witted assistant to the brilliant Montrose, even his contemporary enemies recognized his prowess in battle and his leadership ability in tactical situations. David Stevenson seems to have written the definitive and generally realistic biography of the man from which I derive my opinion.

the MacColla command piece is shown in the left foreground below. He is portrayed on foot surrounded by rough capable warriors. The flag is based on the MacDonald Lord of the Isles emblem as per Project Auldearn 1645. An excellent choice since it reminds us that MacColla had a different, although complementary, agenda than did Montrose:




back to Armies of Scotland



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