Anglo/Irish

Since taking the decision to use Impetus:Baroque wargaming rules I have started adding army lists to my army organization pages. Where possible I will use the lists provided by D&P Publishing but some of my applications are specialized so I have need to create a few of my own.

The Anglo/Irish forces from the start of the rebellion to the Cessation in September, 1643 were a combination of garrison forces, various political factions and, later, expeditionary forces from England and Wales. At the Cessation the Royalist Anglo/Irish made peace with the Irish Confederation which allowed several regiments to leave Ireland and join the King’s forces in England and Wales. Being part of or closely associated with the crown government of Ireland, the Anglo/Irish were, after the intial shock of a country wide rebellion, better equipped and trained then general population. This is reflected in the army list below:

 

Army List Anglo-Irish 1641-1643

Original notes on Anglo/Irish forces are below:

Anglo/Irish is a catch-all for all those forces that fought in opposition to the Irish rebellion of 1641 and later the resultant Kilkenny Confederation. Yet even this definition is imprecise since these same forces may find themselves in opposition to one  another. It is also tempting to say that this force catagory represents the Protestant armies in Ireland (and the Confederation the Catholic forces) and that is certainly a popular way to view the divide. Like the Thirty Years War, however, the religious label is not absolute in determining which side a given individual might support (and at which time!).

The problem with working out this particular force structure is the ebb and flow of Irish politics and my limited knowledge going into this project. Likely it will change with time and study. At this writing there are perhaps five definable roles for the Anglo/Irish force:

Government Garrison (Royalist and Parlimentarian – until the Cessation in September of 1643)

English Expeditionary Force (initially a joint venture of King and Parliment in early 1642)

Anglo(New English) /Scot (New Scot) Settler Forces  (most famously the Lagan Army in Ulster). The Scottish regular Ulster army is found under the Scots Covenanter forces.

Old English Forces (which did not join the Kilkenny Confederation)

Anglo/Irish forces fighting on the Royalist side during the First Civil War in England and Wales (while not Celtic, or often not even originating in Ireland, these forces were always labeled “Irish” by the Parliamentarians).

Anglo-Irish Army

My completed Anglo/Irish army (shown above) has 282 infantry (47 combat pieces) and 48 command figures (24 command pieces) to assemble as many as eight regular foot regiments.

The command Field Officer for the first brigade (the four regiments in the front line) carries the banner of Murrough O’Brien, Lord Inchiquin, while the four regiments of the second brigade (the second line and reserve) are commanded by the Marquis of Ormond, the king’s Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

To the right and rear of Ormond are two small groups of Protestant militia carrying typical colors of English trained bands (although they could just as easily carry the colors of Scottish fencibles as in the page header picture.)

The current regimental standards are shown below:

Anglo Irish Ensigns

The gyronny pattern for Anglo/Irish flags has no historic significance. The pattern was used by several units both in Ireland and England but it provides a convenient way to lable the Anglo/Irish in war games.